What is a
Multi-tenancy in cloud computing refers to when customers of
a cloud vendor share the same cloud resource. This resource can either be on a
public or private cloud. It’s partitioned into units, each housing a single
customer’s (tenant’s) data.
The units are separated from each other by complex security
setups so that each tenant cannot gain access to other tenant’s units and data.
It’s much like a building that’s divided into many
apartments. Residents only have access to their own apartments, and can decide
who they want to come in. But they can’t get into other apartments without the
resident’s permission; they don’t have the keys. The residents do.
Multitenant architecture (the structure of the multi-tenant
cloud) is crucial to how much of the cloud works. Think, specifically, about
the partitioning servers
into segments. Several users can work with the same server, and save themselves
the cost (and potential waste) of using a full server. They can do this without being aware of, or
getting distracted by the presence of other users.
This emphasis on efficiency is one reason for the large
scale adoption of multi-tenancy by many businesses. There are other reasons;
we’ll be looking at that shortly. For now, let’s see how the multi-tenant cloud
Multi-tenancy cloud storage is provided by a cloud service vendor,
like Layer3 Cloud. Users—called tenants –subscribe
with the vendor and get a portion of the server corresponding to the fee they
are willing to pay. They pay for using that space on a regular basis (say,
monthly, or annually).
While the user shares space on the cloud resource with other
tenants, it does not come in direct contact with them. It will only see its own
environment and the data that it hosts there. It won’t have access to the other
tenant’s space or data. That’s because the units are partitioned by complex
permission codes, which the service provider has access to.
Multi-tenancy in SaaS (Software as a Service) enables
several customers to use a single application at once, without interfering with
other users’ work. Multi-tenancy is also available for PaaS (Platform as a
Service) cloud solutions.
Single Tenancy versus
In a single-tenant cloud, the customer hosts their data on a
server and doesn’t share that server with other users. This differs from a multi-tenant
cloud, I which multiple users share a server.
Partitioning isn’t necessary for single-tenancy, as only one
user is involved. There are no other users whose activity you should be
concerned about. However, it’s more costly, and cannot be scaled as easily as
Potential breaches in partitions is a concern that Cloud Service
Providers and customers may worry about for multi-tenant clouds. However, the
defenses put up by vendors are usually able to prevent this from
You can subscribe for as much space as you need in the
current period. This is something you won’t enjoy if you go for single tenancy,
especially if you won’t be using all the space anytime soon.
It’s much easier to scale your resource use when you’re on a
multi-tenant cloud. You can simply request for more space on the vendor’s
server, and get it upon subscribing. Scaling is more difficult to achieve with
single tenancy, as it’s more costly and may mean acquiring space outside of
your current server.
3. Lower Acquisition Costs
Because tenants are using the same resource, they only have
to pay a fraction of the cost they would incur on a full single-tenant
resource. You don’t need to acquire a significant amount of infrastructure to
support your scaling or transitioning.
of the cloud resource becomes the job of the service provider. It maintains
the infrastructure supporting the cloud compartments on its customers’ behalf.
This lets you devote more time and energy to your internal operations.
5. No Maintenance
Because maintenance is carried out by the vendor, you won’t
have to pay maintenance fees to keep your software or platform running. The
service provider fixes any trouble that crops up, so you don’t need to pay for
6. Easy Configuration
If you opt for single-tenancy, you will have to deal with
the considerable coding required to customize your resource. This is not the
case with multi-tenancy. You can customize a multi-tenancy-hosted solution
without altering the underlying codebase.
with Multi-Tenant Cloud
Just like every other kind of technology setup,
multi-tenancy has potential downsides. They include:
•Customers may have less control over their cloud environment
•There’s a risk (even if minimal) of privacy being breached by
Cloud Service Providers may remedy these concerns by
introducing the following countermeasures
•Round the clock monitoring leveraging high powered tools
•Encryption with top-level security algorithms
•Multi-phase authentication for users
•Identity and access management measures
How Should You Secure
Your Data in Multi-Tenant Cloud?
Your access to the security setup of a multi-tenant cloud
will be limited. It’s the job of your vendor to protect your cloud environment
from the outside (while you manage what goes on within).
But you can ensure the safety of your data by choosing the
right vendor in the first place. This will require you to vet the available
options. Have your IT managers examine and compare each firm’s security
provisions. Select the one with the strongest offers that suit your
organization’s peculiar needs.
How Layer3 Can Help
If you’re considering migrating
to the cloud—and going the multi-tenant route –Layer3 can help you through
Our cloud engineers have helped companies across Nigeria
transition to the cloud. We also provide top-level maintenance and security for
their cloud environments. This significantly reduces their CAPEX and OPEX and
allows them to scale quickly.
Whether you’re settling for single-tenancy or multi-tenant
cloud, we can help you with a cloud solution that suits your needs. To learn
more about cloud solutions your company can use, click
let’s Journey A Bit Into The Past, Just Before Wireless ...
the World’s Migration To The Cloud Continues Apace.
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